What Are The Different Types Of Acne And Their Treatment Side Effects?

What Are The Different Types Of Acne And Their Treatment Side Effects?

Acne, a prevalent skin condition, presents various forms, and understanding these can aid in selecting the appropriate treatment. It’s crucial to be aware of the side effects of acne medications.

Different Types of Acne

  1. Whitehead: Whiteheads, like blackheads, are formed by oil and dead skin clogging pores, but they have closed pores.
  1. Blackhead: Small, dark spots on the skin occur when pores are clogged with oil and dead skin, but remain open at the surface.
  1. Pustule: Pustules, resembling papules but filled with pus, resemble red circles with white or yellow centers.
  1. Papule: Small, red, and sometimes painful bumps are inflamed but lack pus.
  1. Cystic Acne: Severe acne, characterized by deep-seated cysts, is a painful condition that can result in scars.
  1. Nodules: Nodules are large, hard bumps under the skin, similar to cystic acne, which can be painful and cause scarring.

Side Effects of Topical Acne Medicines

  1. Topical Benzoyl Peroxide: It kills bacteria and reduces oil. Side effects can include skin dryness, redness, and peeling.
  1. Salicylic Acid: This helps unclog pores. It might cause mild skin irritation and dryness.
  1. Azelaic Acid: It reduces inflammation and kills bacteria. Side effects include skin burning, itching, and tingling.
  1. Topical Spironolactone: Used for hormonal acne, it can cause skin dryness or irritation.
  1. Topical Retinoids: These help renew skin cells. They can cause redness, dryness, and sun sensitivity.
  1. Dapsone: It’s an anti-inflammatory. Possible side effects include dryness and redness.

Side Effects of Oral Acne Medications

Oral medications are taken by mouth.

  1. Oral Contraceptives: Birth control pills can help manage acne by regulating hormones, but they may cause nausea, weight gain, and mood changes.
  1. Spironolactone: It treats hormonal acne by blocking certain hormones. Side effects can include breast tenderness, irregular periods, and fatigue.
  1. Accutane (Isotretinoin): This medication is effective for severe acne but has numerous side effects like dry lips, mood changes, and increased sun sensitivity, and should not be taken during pregnancy to prevent birth defects.


Sutvakclinic, Acne comes in many forms, and so do the treatments. While treatments can be effective, they also come with side effects. Knowing these can help you choose the right treatment and be prepared for any changes in your skin or health. Always talk to a doctor or Best dermatologist in Andheri to find the best treatment plan for you.

Frequently Asked Question

Q1: Can changing my diet help my acne?

Diet affects everyone differently, but some find that reducing dairy and sugar helps.

Q2: What’s the difference between blackheads and whiteheads?

Blackheads are clogged pores open at the surface, making them appear black due to exposure to air. Whiteheads are clogged pores that are closed, making them appear as small, white bumps.