Beware of These 3 Serious Kidney Diseases

Kidneys are filtration plants installed by nature in the human body that plays several other important functions besides their basic role of filtration. Kidney diseases often invade abruptly and because of lack of symptoms ad unawareness diagnosis is often delayed. Many people come to know about kidney diseases at the unfortunate last stage where nothing much can be done to restore kidney functioning. The only option they are left with is either kidney dialysis or a kidney transplant.

To save oneself from kidney diseases is easy and needs a healthy mindful lifestyle and knowing answers to basic questions about kidney health.

What are the first signs of kidney diseases?

Kidney diseases usually show symptoms like changes in urine output, foamy urine, accumulation of fluid in body, swelling of ankles, legs, and feet. Other symptoms like kidney pain, puffiness around eyes, and blood in urine may also surface.

When to consult a doctor?

If you notice any swelling in your legs, ankles, or feet, see blood in urine, or are experiencing low urine output and froth in urine you should immediately find and consult the best nephrologist.

Who is the specialist who deals with kidney problems?

Nephrologists are specialists who deal with kidney problems. If you need to find the best nephrologist in Pakistan log on to and book appointments with the best kidney specialists in town.

What are the five stages of kidney disease?

Stage 1 with normal or high GFR (GFR > 90 mL/min)
Stage 2 Mild CKD (GFR = 60-89 mL/min)}
Stage 3A Moderate CKD (GFR = 45-59 mL/min)
Stage 3B Moderate CKD (GFR = 30-44 mL/min)
Stage 4 Severe CKD (GFR = 15-29 mL/min)
Stage 5 End Stage CKD (GFR <15 mL/min)

Which diseases or disorders can affect kidneys?

Kidneys are the delicate organs and many other diseases and conditions can affect these and lead to kidney failure. Among these top of the list are hypertension and diabetes. Besides these kidney stones and UTI infections can also affect kidneys. Other diseases that can affect kidneys include

  • Multiple myelomas
  • Lupus
  • High cholesterol
  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome
  • ANCA vasculitis
  • Scleroderma
  • Polycystic kidney disease

Common Kidney Diseases

The extent of kidney diseases in Pakistan is fairly vast. Pakistan ranks eighth in the world having as much as 20,000 deaths due to kidney diseases per anum. Common causes of kidney diseases here are low-quality foods, impure water, eating junk food, and improper use of medicines plus self-medication. Diseases like diabetes, obesity, hypertension, and high cholesterol levels. Among the most common kidney diseases are chronic kidney failure, kidney stones, kidney infection, and nephritis. Here is a brief account of some of the prevalent kidney diseases.


The functional unit of the kidney is the nephron. Inflammation of nephrons is termed as nephritis. This problem affects kidney functioning badly and is also called glomerulonephritis. Different types of glomerulonephritis have different causes and hence different treatment strategies. Certain infection such as those due to HIV, use of antibiotics, NSAIDs and diuretics is linked to nephritis. Symptoms of nephritis include changes in urinary habits, foam in the urine, blood in urine, and changes in urine color.

Kidney failure

Kidney failure is also termed as renal failure which is the condition when your kidney fails to filter blood and remove toxins from your body. Many factors can affect kidney health such as the use of certain medicines, exposure to toxins, kidney trauma and some health conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure.

Symptoms of kidney failure are nausea, confusion, dizziness, fatigue, low urine output, pain or pressure in the chest along with shortness of breath. Kidney failure can be caused b several reasons such as interruption in blood supply to kidneys, blockage or problems affecting the release of urine, infections, toxins overload, certain diseases and medicines, and alcoholism. Kidney failure treatment (kidney failure kaelaj ) is mostly impossible at end stages. The only option is either a kidney transplant or kidney dialysis.

Kidney infection

Alternative terms used for kidney infection include renal infection and pyelonephritis. This is a common finding that results from urinary infections. The bacteria that affect bladder and urethra when not treated in time spread to one or both of the kidneys. Symptoms of kidney infection appear in the form of uncontrolled shivering, diarrhea, nausea, fever, pain in kidneys and groin, pain in the back along with foul-smelling urine. These symptoms worsen while urinating and if the bladder infection is also involved blood in urine might also be noticed.

To prevent kidney infections staying hydrated and maintaining good toilet hygiene are important measures. Along with these avoiding constipation, avoiding to play urination, urinating after sexual intercourse, and washing genitals before and after intercourse may help to keep kidney infections at bay. To know more about kidney diseases and their treatment visit  and book an appointment with the best nephrologist in Pakistan.