Autism Disorder| Its Different Types and Treatment Therapies
Everyone has different vocal capabilities that can be fluent or sometimes stammering. Both genetic and non-genetic influences are responsible for autism occurrence. It is basically a neurodevelopmental disorder that creates difficulty in casual communication and social interactions. The unusual delay in speech becomes a major reason for their lacking self esteem. Generally, we consider everyone facing autism in the same category without adequate knowledge which is not right. Medical science has divided autism disorder into 8 different types:-
- Asperger’s syndrome
- Autistic disorder
- Childhood disintegrative disorder
- Pervasive developmental disorder
- Rett syndrome
- Broad autism phenotype
- High functioning autism
- Asperger syndrome
It isn’t clear that exactly why autism occur. Studies only revealed that it is a mental health issue that occurs due to the problem in a part of brain that processes language and interprets sensory input. Most of the time, autism is genetically inherited but its risk in pregnant women exposed to do drugs and alcohol remains higher. The therapist studied the condition of patients suffering from different types of prisms and concluded some symptoms that are very common.
Symptoms signifying autism disorder
- A person suffering from autism usually escape from direct eye contact.
- Most of these people are highly sensitive to other sensory activities like smell, sound, touch or sight.
- Narrowly interested in a limited number of things in life.
- Escaping from cuddling and to be held.
- Facing difficulty even in understanding facial expressions voice tone and gestures.
- Flat or robotic voice.
- Repeating a particular word or phrase again and again.
- Difficulty in adapting even slight changes in daily routine.
As we already mentioned above, autism is related to to our mental health disorders. Therefore, psychological treatment imply a huge impact in this concern. Experts suggest behavioral therapy in autism treatment. The sensory problems, emotional difficulties and even cognitive abilities sometimes put a person in difficult or embarrassing situations. An experiential behaviour therapist can help the patient in two different ways.
- Behavioural therapies
There are 6 most effective behavioural therapies implemented by professional therapists including:-
- Speech therapy
- Occupational therapy
- Applied behaviour analysis
- Social skill classes
- Picture exchange communication system
- Therapeutic horseback riding
These behavioral autism spectrum therapies are preferred after diagnosing the condition of every patient individually. Experiential therapists spend some hours with autism patients every day to identify the actual cause and then make some significant transformations in the daily routine. Alone mental health therapies cannot work effectively in overcoming autism disorder. We may also need medication support.
- Medication courses
In order to escalate the speed of recovery, therapists combine some medicines with their psychotherapy. Before going further, you need to understand that medicines are only capable of controlling the symptoms not curing the disease. Still, they can work effectively while combined with other therapies. Therapists recommend anti-anxiety medicines. Apart from this, Risperidone is the only FDA approved drug to cure autism but only in children.
From the above information, we can understand that psychotherapy work more effectively as compared to medicines in all types of autism conditions. It is advisable to start the treatment at early stage for your child rather than letting it develop severely.